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The complete competitiveness index report series is now available as a Free download from the Centre for International Competitiveness website at www.cforic.org


European Competitiveness Index 2006


European Competitiveness Index 2006
 
 

This report, and accompanying CD-ROM, is the second edition of the European Competitiveness Index (ECI), which follows the success of the first edition published in 2004. The ECI measures, compares and examines the competitiveness of Europe’s regions and nations. We define such competitiveness as the capability of an economy to maintain increasing standards of living for those who participate in it, by attracting and maintaining firms with stable or rising market shares in an activity. As such, the competitiveness of a region will depend on its ability to anticipate and successfully adapt to internal and external economic and social challenges, by providing new economic opportunities, including higher quality jobs.

The importance of the concept of competitiveness is now firmly embedded within economic policymaking in Europe, and indeed around the world. As such, measuring, understanding and analysing competitiveness at a number of geographic levels has become a vital factor in creating an informed dialogue that can contribute to a policy environment attuned to enhancing the economic performance of Europe’s nations and regions.

Since the 2004 report, the face of the EU has since changed dramatically, with the 2004 enlargement bringing ten new countries into the Union. With data now available for these new EU states, the European Competitiveness Index 2006-07 has been expanded to include all EU-25 nations and their respective NUTS-1 regions. This continued focus on regions, as well as nations, reflects the growing consensus that it is regions that are the primary spatial unit that compete to attract investment, and the level at which knowledge is circulated and transferred, resulting in agglomerations, or clusters, of industrial and service sector enterprises

Regions Benchmarked by the European Competitiveness Index

Brussels, Belgium
Vlaams Gewest, Belgium
Région Wallonne, Belgium
Denmark
Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Bayern, Germany
Berlin, Germany
Brandenburg, Germany
Bremen, Germany
Hamburg, Germany
Hessen, Germany
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
Niedersachsen, Germany
Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
Saarland, Germany
Sachsen, Germany
Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany
Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Thüringen, Germany
Voreia Ellada, Greece
Kentriki Ellada, Greece
Attiki, Greece
Nisia Aigaiou, Kriti, Greece
Noroeste, Spain
Noreste, Spain
Comunidad de Madrid, Spain
Centro, Spain
Este, Spain
Sur, Spain
Canarias, Spain
Île de France, France
Bassin Parisien, France
Nord - Pas-de-Calais, France
Est, France
Ouest, France
Sud-Ouest, France
Centre-Est, France
Méditerranée, France
Border, Midlands and Western, Ireland
Southern and Eastern, Ireland
Nord Ovest, Italy
Lombardia, Italy
Nord Est, Italy
Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Centro, Italy
Lazio, Italy
Abruzzo-Molise, Italy
Campania, Italy
Sud, Italy
Sicilia, Italy
Sardegna, Italy
Luxembourg
Noord-Nederland, Netherlands
Oost-Nederland, Netherlands
West-Nederland, Netherlands
Zuid-Nederland, Netherlands
Ostösterreich, Austria
Südösterreich, Austria
Westösterreich, Austria
Portugal (Continent)
Açores, Portugal
Madeira, Portugal
Itä-Suomi, Finland
Väli-Suomi, Finland
Pohjois-Suomi, Finland
Uusimaa, Finland
Etelä-Suomi, Finland
Stockholm, Sweden
Östra Mellansverige, Sweden
Sydsverige, Sweden
Norra Mellansverige, Sweden
Mellersta Norrland, Sweden
Övre Norrland, Sweden
Smĺland med öarna, Sweden
Västsverige, Sweden
North East, UK
North West (including Merseyside), UK
Yorkshire and The Humber, UK
East Midlands, UK
West Midlands, UK
Eastern, UK
London, UK
South East, UK
South West, UK
Wales, UK
Scotland, UK
Northern Ireland, UK
Norway
Switzerland
Prague, Czech Republic
Strední Cechy, Czech Republic
Jihozápad, Czech Republic
Severozápad, Czech Republic
Severovýchod, Czech Republic
Jihovýchod, Czech Republic
Strední Morava, Czech Republic
Moravskoslezko, Czech Republic
Estonia
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Közép-Magyarország, Hungary
Dunántúl, Hungary
Alföld és Észak, Hungary
Malta
Centralny, Poland
Poludniowy, Poland
Wschodni, Poland
Pólnocno-Zachodni, Poland
Poludniowo-Zachodni, Poland
Pólnocny, Poland
Slovenia
Bratislavský, Slovakia
Západné Slovensko, Slovakia
Stredné Slovensko, Slovakia
Východné Slovensko, Slovakia

Denotes new region


Nations Benchmarked by the European Competitiveness Index

Belgium
Denmark
Germany
Greece
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Austria
Spain
France
Ireland
Italy
Portugal
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom
Czech Republic
Estonia
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Hungary
Malta
Poland
Slovenia
Slovakia
Norway
Switzerland

The Variables Included in the European Competitiveness Index Report

Creativity

  • R&D Employment in the Business Sector per 1,000 inhabitants
  • R&D Employment in the Government Sector per 1,000 inhabitants
  • R&D Employment in the Higher Education Sector per 1,000 inhabitants
  • R&D Expenditure in the Business Sector per capita
  • R&D Expenditure in the Government Sector per capita
  • R&D Expenditure in the Higher Education Sector per capita
  • Number of Patent Applications per 1 million inhabitants
  • Employment in ICT Services per 1,000 inhabitants

Economic Performance

  • GDP per Capita
  • Labour Productivity
  • Unemployment Rate
  • Long-Term Unemployment Rate
  • Mean Gross Monthly Earnings
  • Activity Rate

Infrastructure and Accessibility

  • Motorway Length per km 2
  • Motorway Length per vehicle
  • Length of Railway per km 2
  • Air Freight Disembarked per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Air Passengers Disembarked per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Number of Vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Broadband Access Lines per 1,000 inhabitants (national data only)
  • Secure Servers per 100,000 inhabitants (national data only)

Knowledge Employment

  • Employment in Biotechnology and Chemicals per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Employment in IT and Computer Manufacturing per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Employment in ICT Services per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Employment in Research and Development per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Employment in Telecommunications per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Employment in Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Employment in Instrumentation and Machinery per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Employment in Automotive and Mechanical Engineering per 1,000 inhabitants

Education

  • Number of Students in General and Pre-vocational Upper Secondary Education per employed person
  • Number of Students in Vocational Upper Secondary Education per employed person
  • Number of Students in Academic Tertiary Education per employed person
  • Number of Students in Vocational Tertiary Education per employed person
  • Tertiary Education Expenditure per Capita (national data only)
  • Secondary Education Expenditure per Capita (national data only)
Datasheets

The datasheets contains full data for the variable and factors contained in the report plus additional data for sectoral productivity and knowledge sector business units. They cover all the European regions and nations that the European Competitiveness Index 2006-07 benchmarks, as well as the data encompassing the European Competitiveness Index 2004.

ISBN: 1-902829-03-4

 


Update

The complete competitiveness index report series is now available as a Free download from the Centre for International Competitiveness website at www.cforic.org

 
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