The World Knowledge Competitiveness Index 2003 is the most up-to-date measure of the knowledge-based development taking place across the world's leading regions. This new report represents the second annual publication of the World Knowledge Competitiveness Index, the first composite and relative measure of the knowledge capacity, capability and sustainability of each region, and the extent to which this knowledge is translated into economic value, and transferred into the wealth of the citizens of each region.
The focus on regions, as opposed to nations, is deliberate. Regions are the primary spatial unit that not only compete for knowledge, but are the places within which knowledge is circulated and transferred. In response to the global advance of knowledge, we have increased the number of regions benchmarked by the World Knowledge Competitiveness Index to 125, compared with 90 in the 2002 version.
The expansion has mainly concerned the inclusion of a significantly higher number of Asian regions due to the rapid output growth that many have achieved in recent years.
Ratio of Knowledge Intensity
We have also added a new benchmark this year, with the inclusion of the Ratio of Knowledge Intensity, which assesses the importance of knowledge-based activities as a proportion of overall economic activity. A further addition this year is the inclusion of the survey results of a cross-section of policymakers within the regions benchmarked in the 2002 index. The purpose of the survey is to look beyond the quantitative benchmarking in order to gain a better understanding of how the regional knowledge economies are evolving, as well as the current and future role of policy intervention.
Human Capital Components
- Economic Activity Rate
- Number of Managers per 1,000 inhabitants
- Employment in IT and Computer Manufacturing per 1,000 inhabitants
- Employment in Biotechnology and Chemicals per 1,000 inhabitants
- Employment in Automotive and Mechanical Engineering per 1,000 inhabitants
- Employment in Instrumentation and Electrical Machinery per 1,000 inhabitants
- Employment in High-Tech Services per 1,000 inhabitants
Knowledge Capital Components
- Per Capita Expenditures on R&D performed by Government
- Per Capita Expenditures on R&D performed by Business
- Number of Patents Registered per one million inhabitants
Regional Economy Outputs
- Labour Productivity
- Mean Gross Monthly Earnings
- Unemployment Rates
- Per Capita Public Expenditures on Primary and Secondary Education
- Per Capita Public Expenditures on Higher Education
- Secure Servers per one million inhabitants
- Internet Hosts per 1,000 inhabitants